Relevant figures

Spain has the third largest volume of air traffic in Europe.

Significant magnitudes of Aena airports

Spain’s 46 airports and 2 heliports within the Aena network closed 2020 with 76,064,322 passengers, 72.4% less than the previous year; 1,101,185 aircraft movements, 53.4% less; and 787,848 tons of cargo, 26.3% less than in 2019. The decrease in traffic was due to restrictions on mobility both in Spain and in the rest of the world caused by the spread of COVID-19.

In 2019 spanish airports recorded 275.2 million passengers, representing a 4.4% increase compared to the previous year. Of those passengers, 188.8 million flew internationally, a historical record, with a 3.5% increase on 2018. Passengers on domestic flights amounted to over 85.5 million, a 6.4% increase on the previous year. The volume of aircraft operations was greater than 2.3 million, a 2.6% increase on 2018 and cargo traffic amounted to over 1,068,394 tonnes, a 5.6% increase compared to the previous year.

Traffic 2019 2020 Shift (%)
Passengers 275,237,801 76,064,322 -72.4
Operations 2,360,957 1,101,185 -53.4
Cargo (tons) 1,068,394,637 787,848 -26.3

Fuente: Aena SME, SA

Spain has the third largest volume of air traffic in Europe, after the UK and Germany1. It totals 11% of Europe's passenger traffic and 10% of its aircraft operations2.

The Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas Airport ranks 4th in the EU in terms of passengers, while Josep Tarradellas Barcelona airport ranks 5th in passenger traffic.

Rank Airport Millions of passengers
1 Paris-Charles de Gaulle 76.1
2 Amsterdam-Schiphol 71.7
3 Frankfurt 70.5
4 Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas 61.7
5 Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat 52.7
6 Munich 47.9
7 Rome-Fiumicino 43.5
8 Dublin 32.9
9 Paris-Orly 31.8
10 Vienna 31.7
Source: Data provided by the companies

A further five Spanish airports registered traffic of over 10 million passengers in 2019: Palma de Mallorca, with over 29 million; Málaga-Costa del Sol, with 19.8 million; Alicante-Elche, with 15 million; Gran Canaria, with over 13.2 million; and Tenerife Sur with over 11 million.


69.2% of commercial traffic in all airports in the Aena network is international, and the remaining 30.8% is national. The main source countries of air travel passengers to Spain are the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, France, the Nordic countries, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, the United States, Ireland and Russia3.

Share of the major air hubs

Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas and Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat airports make up 41.6% of passengers, 32.6% of operations and 69.4% of cargo. Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas contributes 22.4% of total passengers, 18% of the aircraft and 52.3% of the cargo, while Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El-Prat has a market share of 19.1% of passengers, 14.6% of operations and 17.1% of cargo.

1 Source: Eurostat.
2 Source: 2018 ACI Europe.
3 Source: INE. Tourist Movement on Borders.